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C++ How to Program, 4/e Table of Contents
12
C++ Stream Input/Output
737

12.1

Introduction

739

12.2

Streams

739

12.2.1

Classic Streams vs. Standard Streams

740

12.2.2

iostream Library Header Files

740

12.2.3

Stream Input/Output Classes and Objects

741

12.3

Stream Output

743

12.3.1

Output of char* Variables

743

12.3.2

Character Output using Member Function put

744

12.4

Stream Input

744

12.4.1

get and getline Member Functions

745

12.4.2

istream Member Functions peek, putback and ignore

748

12.4.3

Type-Safe I/O

748

12.5

Unformatted I/O using read, write and gcount

748

12.6

Introduction to Stream Manipulators

749

12.6.1

Integral Stream Base: dec, oct, hex and setbase

750

12.6.2

Floating-Point Precision (precision, setprecision)

751

12.6.3

Field Width (width, setw)

752

12.6.4

Programmer-Defined Manipulators

754

12.7

Stream Format States and Stream Manipulators

755

12.7.1

Trailing Zeros and Decimal Points (showpoint)

756

12.7.2

Justification (left, right and internal)

757

12.7.3

Padding (fill, setfill)

759

12.7.4

Integral Stream Base (dec, oct, hex, showbase)

760

12.7.5

Floating-Point Numbers; Scientific and Fixed Notation (scientific, fixed)

761

12.7.6

Uppercase/Lowercase Control (uppercase)

762

12.7.7

Specifying Boolean Format (boolalpha)

763

12.7.8

Setting and Resetting the Format State via Member- Function flags

764

12.8

Stream Error States

766

12.9

Tying an Output Stream to an Input Stream

768

13
Exception Handling
779

13.1

Introduction

780

13.2

Exception-Handling Overview

781

13.3

Other Error-Handling Techniques

783

13.4

Simple Exception-Handling Example: Divide by Zero

784

13.5

Rethrowing an Exception

788

13.6

Exception Specifications

789

13.7

Processing Unexpected Exceptions

790

13.8

Stack Unwinding

790

13.9

Constructors, Destructors and Exception Handling

792

13.10

Exceptions and Inheritance

793

13.11

Processing new Failures

793

13.12

Class auto_ptr and Dynamic Memory Allocation

797

13.13

Standard Library Exception Hierarchy

800

14
File Processing
808

14.1

Introduction

809

14.2

The Data Hierarchy

809

14.3

Files and Streams

811

14.4

Creating a Sequential-Access File

812

14.5

Reading Data from a Sequential-Access File

816

14.6

Updating Sequential-Access Files

823

14.7

Random-Access Files

824

14.8

Creating a Random-Access File

824

14.9

Writing Data Randomly to a Random-Access File

829

14.10

Reading Data Sequentially from a Random-Access File

831

14.11

Example: A Transaction-Processing Program

834

14.12

Input/Output of Objects

841

 
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